PROVIDENCE, RI – Rhode Island’s economy is on an upswing but trails the region and nation in terms of growth, according to the Rhode Island Current Economic Indicator Briefing for the first quarter of 2021, published today by the Center for Global and Regional Economic Studies at Bryant University and the Rhode Island Public Expenditure Council.
The Ocean State’s GDP is projected to have grown by 3.5 percent (annualized rate) in Q1, but New England’s GDP is projected to have expanded by 5.2 percent and U.S. GDP is forecasted to have grown by 6.4 percent in the same period. Rhode Island’s “growth gap,” which existed before the pandemic, only widened over the last year.
The Briefing references that Rhode Island has not made up for job losses sustained at the beginning of the pandemic, but that it continued to see gains. In Q1, the total number of jobs in the state increased by 0.8 percent over Q4 2020 (from an average of 461,000 jobs to 464,900 jobs), and the unemployment rate decreased from 7.7 percent to 7.2 percent. Employment grew in every industry sector in Q1, except professional and business services and information services. Construction and manufacturing both added jobs for the third quarter in a row. Though both the leisure and hospitality sector and the education and health services sector added jobs in Q1, employment levels in both sectors—among the largest employment sectors in the state—were still significantly lower than they were before the pandemic. Across all industry sectors, jobs in Rhode Island were 7.9 percent lower in March 2021 compared to February 2020 levels of 507,200. The nation has recovered jobs at a faster pace than Rhode Island, but the state is on par with the New England region in this regard.
General sales and gross receipt taxes, which stand as a proxy for aggregate state demand, also positively affected the CEI, increasing by 8.9 percent in Q1 and suggesting that consumption has helped drive the state’s economic recovery.
“We’ve come a long way from our economic freefall last spring,” commented RIPEC President and CEO Michael DiBiase, “but the Briefing reveals stubborn structural weaknesses that are slowing our recovery and make the Ocean State more vulnerable in the future.” “Policymakers should take note of weaknesses in the state’s industry mix and consider what policies may best spur economic development in high growth industries,” he continued.